For Men, for Women, For Home
Lothian Herbs
(Edinburgh) supplies
individual therapists,
distributors and colleges,
pharmacists and
independant retailers.

Lothian has supplied over
100 organic and
conventional essential oils
since 1980. The signature
oils are Bulgarian
Lavender and Australian
Sandalwood.

NEXT EXHIBITION Scottish
Beauty Edinburgh April
2011

Shirley Price and Lothian
Herbs joined forces in
1998











LOCAL STOCKISTS

G W Allen
168 Portobello High Street
Edinburgh
Lothian
EH15 1EX

Natural Source
44 Wellgate
Lanark
ML11 9DT

MacBride Pharmacy Ltd
34-36 Main Street
West Calder
Lothian
EH55
Trade/Therapist login
www.LothianHerbs.com
LOTHIAN HERBS (EDINBURGH) - blending guide

IMMUNE SUPPORT - ECHINACEA EXTRACT
WINTER CHILLS - ECHINACEA, THYME, LIQUORICE
CHILDRENS - CHAMOMILE EXTRACT (Childrens strength)
MENOPAUSE - Black Cohosh & Sage
DIGESTION - CHAMOMILE (Childrens strength)
MOOD AND MIND - CHAMOMILE EXTRACT, GINGKO,
VALERIAN
SLEEP - CHAMOMILE EXTRACT, VALERIAN
EXTERNAL USE - CALENDULA CREAM, COMFREY &
YARROW CREAM
HERBAL INSECT REPELLANT -essential oils of Lemongrass
and Fennel with herbal extract of Chaste Berry .
ORAL CARE - MANUKA MOUTHWASH Manuka and Tanekaha,
with Aniseed, Liquorice and Peppermint.


ANISEED

Aniseed has a long history of both culinary and medicinal use.  It is
commonly used as a flavouring for sweets and liqueurs such as pastis
and ouzo. Traditionally this spice has been highly regarded by various
cultures for the treatment of digestive discomfort and coughs.

Aniseed contains aromatic volatile oils giving it profound carminative
(relieves discomfort of flatulence and bloating) and antispasmodic effects
on the smooth muscle of the digestive tract. Aniseed has been used for
centuries in the treatment of flatulence and colic, helping to move wind
through the digestive tract. It is also particularly useful in the treatment of
spasmodic coughs.Chamomile

This common garden plant has a long history of use in many cultures. It
was valued by European herbalists of the 16th century for ‘comforting the
heart and soothing the spirit’, while the Egyptians believed it to have
rejuvenating properties and the Greeks garnished their food with its
vibrant golden petals.

BLACK COHOSH

Black Cohosh is native to North America and was traditionally used by
Native Americans in the treatment of women’s health problems and
rheumatism.

More recently, herbalists have advocated Black Cohosh as an alterative to
hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in the treatment of menopausal
symptoms. Several well designed clinical trials have now provided
evidence of a reduction in menopausal symptoms with regular use of this
herb.

The actual mechanism of action of Black Cohosh in the management of
menopause has not been clearly established to date. It appears to exhibit
an oestrogen-like effect which helps to alleviate menopausal symptoms,
many of which are caused by the decreased levels of this hormone in
menopausal women. Recent investigation has suggested that
constituents in Black Cohosh work on certain parts the brain to exert this
effect, rather than having a direct oestrogenic effect.

It also has a reputation for nourishing the nervous system, and may
therefore help relieve symptoms associated with menopause through
acting on the nervous as well as reproductive system.

CALENDULA

Calendula is a powerful blood cleanser and healing agent of the skin.  
This combination makes it extremely valuable in any skin condition. It is
one of the best herbs for treating burns, scalds, cuts, abrasions and
infections because of its antiseptic and healing qualities. By improving
blood flow to the affected area, it can greatly speed up the wound healing.
It also helps small blood vessels to seal, stemming bleeding and
preventing bruising.

Recently, scientific studies have shown that topical applications of
Calendula are useful in the prevention of dermatitis following
radiotherapy treatment.

CHAMOMILE

Popular as a tea, Chamomile has been used as a medicinal plant for
centuries, primarily for digestive complaints and as gentle relaxant. The
essential oil is also a popular ingredient in skin care products and is one
of the most commonly used oils in aromatherapy.

Apigenin, a constituent of Chamomile, has been shown in clinical studies
to decrease anxiety and act as a mild sedative. This gentle, calming
action makes it an ideal herb for restless and anxious children.

Apigenin and various components of the volatile oil of Chamomile, have
also been shown to inhibit the formation of inflammatory chemicals in the
body and to have antispasmodic activity.  These actions make it useful as
a digestive tonic.  A study showed Chamomile, in combination with pectin
(found in fruits & vegetables), to be effective in reducing the duration and
discomfort of diarrhoea in children.

COMFREY

Native to Europe and Asia, Comfrey has been cultivated as a healing herb
since around 400BC.  Its name derives from the Latin ‘confere’, meaning
‘to bring together’, reflecting early traditional uses of the plant by Greeks
and Romans to heal wounds and broken bones.

Comfrey is considered the remedy par excellence for healing damage to
muscles and ligaments.  Used for sprains, fractures, torn ligaments,
crush injuries (eg. closing a finger in a door), bruises and non-infected
wounds, the herb will rapidly heal tissues and prevent the formation of
scar tissue.

Comfrey’s remarkable actions are due to a substance called allantoin,
found in the root and leaf of the comfrey plant.  Allantoin occurs naturally
in the body and has the ability to stimulate cell growth in connective tissue
(muscles and ligaments), bone and cartilage.  In addition, allantoin
diffuses easily through the tissues enabling its healing effects to
penetrate deeper.  This means injuries heal more quickly and with less
chance of scar tissue forming. It’s effectiveness in reducing swelling and
bruising has been demonstrated in both pharmacological studies and
clinical trials.

DANDELION

These days Dandelion is more commonly known as the bane of lawn
cultivators and as a wish making toy for children, however throughout
history this herb has been held in high regard as a food and medicine.

Traditional uses include digestive disorders such as lack of appetite,
constipation, indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome, biliousness, nausea;
liver and gallbladder problems such as cirrhosis, hepatitis and gall
stones; toxic conditions associated with intestinal congestion such as
skin & autoimmune diseases; and as a general detoxifying agent.

The bitter compounds in the root activate a reflex action that results in the
production of bile by the liver and the flow of bile from the gall bladder. As
a result of these actions Dandelion root acts as a gentle laxative and
digestive aid. Bile aids the digestion of fats, and generally promotes
better digestion. Through its action on the liver and bowel, Dandelion root
is highly valued by herbalists for aiding detoxification of the whole body.

ECHINEA

Endemic to North America, this attractive plant is a traditional remedy for a
wide range of infectious and inflammatory conditions. Its use was
adopted by European settlers and quickly became one of the most
popular herbs in North America, but with the introduction of antibiotics in
the 1930’s the use of Echinacea began to decline. In Europe however, the
popularity of Echinacea continued to grow and today it is renowned
worldwide as a valuable immune support herb and powerful natural tool
for combating winter ailments.

As with many herbs, there is often scientific interest in establishing
exactly which plant-chemicals are responsible for its medicinal activity.
These studies are important as they can provide accurate ways to
measure the potency of a herbal preparation. In Echinacea, a group of
compounds called Alkylamides have been shown to be particularly
important for its immune stimulating action. Whilst other constituents in
Echinacea have also demonstrated immune activity, many of these are
not very well absorbed into the bloodstream and it seems unlikely that
they are useful indicators as to the quality of an Echinacea preparation.

Alkylamides are found in the highest concentration in the dried root of the
plant and interestingly, root based preparations were traditionally
favoured over those made from leaves and flowers. Alkylamides alsohave
the interesting effect of causing a mild tingling sensation on the mouth
and tongue. An early way of determining the quality of Echinacea roots
was to chew them – with a strong tingling sensation indicating superior
quality. This test still remains true today, and is an easy way to determine
a high quality Echinacea product.

Clinical trials have shown Echinacea to be useful in both preventing as
well as treating bacterial and viral infections including colds and flu.
However, trials involving low doses of Echinacea products, or products
with very low levels of Alkylamides have failed to achieve beneficial
outcomes and resulted in much adverse publicity for Echinacea in
general. As with other medicines, it is crucial to take sufficient doses of
herbal remedies that provide effective amounts of the active plant-
chemicals in order to produce a therapeutic effect.

GINGER

Ginger has a long history of use in many different cultures, particularly to
enhance digestive processes and relieve digestive problems such as
colic, flatulentence, cramping and loss of appetite. It has been employed
in the treatment of nausea and loss of appetite, gastrointestinal cramping
and, as a circulatory stimulant, for cold extremities. Hot infusions were
used to ‘break-up’ colds and relieve the discomfort of painful
menstruation.

In recent years a number of pharmacological and clinical trials have
provided scientific evidence which supports the traditional uses of this
herb and its actions. A number of clinical trials have demonstrated
significant antiemetic (antinausea) effects of ginger. Pharmacological
studies have also demonstrated the ability of Ginger preparations to
stimulate digestive secretions and assist the whole digestive process.

Ginger has been shown to inhibit enzymes involved in processes
causing inflammation in the body, accounting for its use as an anti-
inflammatory agent. Clinical trials have subsequently demonstrated the
effectiveness of ginger in the treatment of arthritic and rheumatic
conditions.

Ginger and its aromatic components have demonstrated fever reducing
qualities and were found to have a significant antiviral action against the
common rhinovirus, thus providing support for it’s traditional use in colds
and flu.

GINKGO

Ginkgo is one of the world’s oldest living trees, having survived for more
than 200 million years. Ginkgo trees were revered by the Chinese and
planted around their temples, a practice that may have helped ensure its
survival.

The leaves of the Ginkgo tree were first shown to have beneficial effects
on circulation by German scientists in the 1960’s, and a patent for a
highly concentrated extract, standardised for flavonoid content, was
issued. Since that time Ginkgo extract has become one of the most
thoroughly researched agents in herbal medicine.

Conditions Ginkgo is used to treat include cerebral insufficiency
(impaired or insufficient blood flow to the brain) and mild to moderate
Alzheimer’s disease. These conditions are usually associated with
aging, thus Ginkgo is considered a primary herb for promoting a healthy
aging process. Ginkgo has also been shown to be effective in improving
memory and attention in healthy young people, even when taken for short
term use.

LEMON BALM

Lemon Balm has traditionally been used as a mild sedative and calming
agent, and was a favourite ingredient in medieval ‘elixirs of youth’.

Studies have shown Lemon Balm to increase feelings of calmness, and
to improve the quality of memory in young, healthy volunteers. Recent
research also demonstrates positive findings with using Lemon Balm in
the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease.

Lemon Balm also has calming properties in the digestive system,
helping to ease bloating, excess wind and a ‘nervous stomach’.Lemon
Balm has traditionally been used as a mild sedative and calming agent,
and was a favourite ingredient in medieval ‘elixirs of youth’.

Studies have shown Lemon Balm to increase feelings of calmness, and
to improve the quality of memory in young, healthy volunteers. Recent
research also demonstrates positive findings with using Lemon Balm in
the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease.

Lemon Balm also has calming properties in the digestive system,
helping to ease bloating, excess wind and a ‘nervous stomach’.

LIQUORICE

This sweet tasting root has traditionally been used in Western, Chinese,
and Ayurvedic herbal medicine, and remains a favourite in modern herbal
medicine as well as confectionary.

Liquorice helps soothe and decrease inflammation in the respiratory and
digestive tracts.

In the respiratory tract it is used to treat chest complaints, and is an
excellent soothing ingredient in medicines for coughs and sore throats.

It is also beneficial for treating inflammation and ulceration of the
digestive tract including stomach & duodenal ulcers, gastritis, and
recurrent mouth ulcers. Liquorice root extracts and derivatives were used
in treatment of peptic ulcers for many years, and various components of
Liquorice root have been shown to accelerate the healing of such ulcers.

MANUKA

Manuka is one of the most popular and well-known New Zealand native
herbs with a wide variety of therapeutic actions and indications. It is
probably most famous for its powerful antibacterial and antifungal
actions, which have been well investigated in a laboratory setting.   It has
been shown to be effective against some 20 different types of bacteria,
including the notorious methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
(MRSA).

Activity against various species of fungi has also been demonstrated,
including those responsible for athletes foot and candida (thrush). In
recent years many herbal practitioners and patients have used topical
preparations containing Manuka oil for such infections with impressive
results.

Manuka contains many tannins and is extremely astringent (that is, it
tightens tissues – the feeling you get when you drink black tea).  This
action, combined with its impressive antimicrobial properties, helps
relieve symptoms of diarrhoea and dysentery, as well as making it useful
in wound healing and to decrease inflammation and bleeding in the case
of gum infections.

MANUKA HONEY

Manuka Honey is unique to New Zealand and is produced from the nectar
of the Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) and Kanuka (Kunzea
ericoides) trees.

Honey has long been used topically as a healing agent for wounds and
ulcers. Recently there has been renewed interest in the medicinal
applications of honey, particularly for the treatment of slow healing
wounds in hospitalised patients.

Whilst all honey possesses healing properties, Manuka Honey is
considered superior in this regard. This is because Manuka Honey has a
powerful additional antiseptic property not found in other types of honey -
this property is termed Unique Manuka Factor (UMF).

Research has shown Manuka Honey to be effective at killing a variety of
pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus and Helicobacter pylori, and
even some strains of bacteria which are resistant to antibiotics.

MEADOWSWEET

Traditional uses of Meadowsweet include treatment of gastrointestinal
conditions associated with flatulence and acid stomach including
indigestion, gastric reflux, gastric ulceration and halitosis (bad breath). It
is mildly astringent and is said to be useful for diarrhoea, particularly in
children.

A number of studies have demonstrated the ability of Meadowsweet
preparations to have protective effect on the stomach, including against
lesions induced by aspirin use. As such, Meadowsweet can be useful for
treating peptic ulcers and acid stomach.

SAGE

The ancient Greeks knew Sage as the immortality herb and believed it to
cure many ills. It was included in many medieval prescriptions for health
& longevity.

Sage is known for its ability to reduce excessive perspiration. Medical
herbalists have prescribed it for many years for the treatment of
conditions of excessive perspiration, particularly to treat hot flushes and
night sweats associated with menopause.

Another traditional use for Sage is as a relaxant and restorative for the
nervous system. Several old European texts note the use of Sage for
memory enhancing properties. Nicholas Culpepper, possibly England’s
most famous apothecary, recorded its ability to “heal the memory,
warming and quickening the senses”.

These combined properties of Sage make it an ideal herb for
menopause as it can tackle not only symptoms of excessive sweating,
but also neurological symptoms such as poor concentration, ‘brain fog’
and decreased memory experienced by many women during this time.

TANEKAHA

Tanekaha is a slow-growing evergreen conifer endemic to New Zealand.
Its common name ‘Celery Pine’ comes from the celery-like foliage of this
graceful tree. Historically, Tanekaha bark was used as a tanning agent
and for the production of a reddish-brown dye.

Tanekaha was used medicinally as an astringent and antimicrobial agent
by Maori people and early European settlers. Decoctions of the inner bark
were used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery and internal
haemorrhage. Externally, it was used as a healing remedy for burns as
well as for boils, abscesses and septic infections. The anti-microbial
action of tannic acid has been well documented, and it has been shown
to be effective against a range of bacteria, yeasts and viruses.

The combination of astringent and antimicrobial actions makes this plant
an ideal addition to mouthwash formulations. The strong astringent
action helps tighten and heal the gum tissue while the anti-microbial
action helps kill the bacteria responsible for dental caries, as well as
conditions such as gingivitis and periodontal disease.  In vitro tests
conducted on preparations containing a combination of Manuka
(Leptospermum scoparium) and Tanekaha were shown to be effective
against the common oral bacteria Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus
mitis, and Actinomyces naeslundii.
THYME

Thyme has a long history of traditional use for respiratory tract conditions
including sore throats and coughs, helping to aid the removal of mucus
and ease spasmodic coughing.   It has also been used for inflammatory
conditions of the mouth, gastrointestinal upsets, and topically as an anti-
microbial and counter-irritant.

Extracts of Thyme have demonstrated antibacterial activity against a wide
range of bacteria, and against some yeasts and moulds. The broad
spectrum of antibacterial activity against bacteria involved in upper
respiratory tract infections supports the long use of Thyme in the
treatment of these conditions.

VALERIAN

Valerian is a traditional European herb with a long history of use as a
mild sedative. Relatively recently in historical terms, it was used during
World War II to treat people with nervous debility following air raids.

These days it is commonly used by medical herbalists to treat stress,
anxiety, irritability and nervous tension.  Larger doses have a more
sedating effect therefore making it very useful in the treatment of
insomnia.  Studies have shown a reduction in the time taken to fall
asleep as well as improvement in sleep quality with Valerian treatment.
QUALIFIED HERBALIST
PRACTIONERS
IN YOUR AREA

MIDLANDS

Jo Batacanin BSc(Hons) MNIMH
is a fully qualified Medical Herbalist
www.midlands-medicalherbalist.co.uk

Jo Batacanin practices at

Neals Yard remedies, Leamington Spa

The Well Natural Health Centre
Kings Heath Birminham

Revital Health Shop
High Street, Solihull





FIND A MEDICAL HERBALIST NEAR
YOU

Neals Yard shops are an excellent way
of finding well regarded therapists
working in your area.

University of Maryland Medical Centre

Find out more


European Medicines Agency

The European Medicines Agency
Committee on Herbal Medicinal
Products (HMPC) is responsible for
establishing Community herbal
monographs. These will have
relevance for the registration as well
as the authorisation of herbal
medicinal products.

A Community herbal monograph
comprises the Committee’s scientific
opinion on a given herbal medicinal
product, based on its evaluation of
available scientific data (well-
established use) or on the historic use
of that product in the European
Community (traditional use). For some
herbal medicinal products, the
Community monograph covers both
well-established use and traditional
use.

The Community herbal monographs
provide a harmonised approach to the
scientific assessment of herbal
medicinal products in the EU, and the
Member States take them into account
when they examine an application
relating to a product for which a
Community monograph has been
established.

When the HMPC has produced a draft
monograph it is released for public
consultation. The comments received
are subsequently reviewed and the
final version of the herbal monograph
is published.
The Community herbal monographs
provide a harmonised approach to the
scientific assessment of herbal
medicinal products in the EU.  
Regulators in  Member States (in UK,
the MHRA) take them into account
when they examine an application
relating to a product for which a
Community monograph has been
established.


Monographs


Monographs

Aloe   Aloe barbadensis Miller
Aniseed   Pimpinella anisum L
Artichoke - globe Cyanara scolymus L
Birch leaf  Betula pendula Roth
Black cohosh  Cimicifuga racemosa
Nutt
Black current  Ribes nigrum L
Boldo leaf   Peumus boldus Molina
Butcher's broom  Ruscus aculeatus L
Calendula   Calendula officinalis L
Caraway seeds  Carum carvi L
Centaury   Centaurium erythraea Rafn
Dandelion  Taraxacum officinale
Devil’s claw root Harpagophytum
procumbens DC
Echinacea  Echinacea angustifolia DC
Echinacea pallida
Echinacea purpurea L
Elder    Sambucus nigra L
Ginger   Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Ginseng - Siberian Eleutherococcus
senticosus Maxim
Goldenrod  Solidago virgaurea
Hawthorn  Crataegus oxyacanthoides
Thuill
Hops   Humulus lupulus L
Horse chestnut seed Aesculus
hippocastanum L
Horsetail  Equisetum arvense L
Marshmallow root Althaea officinalis L
Melilot   Melilotus officinalis Willd
Mullein flower  Verbascum thapsus
Nettle    Urtica dioica L
Oat    Avena sativa L
Peppermint leaf  Mentha x piperita L
Polypody   Polypodium vulgare L
Primula   Primula veris L
Rosemary  Rosmarinus officinalis L
Sage   Salvia officinalis
St. John's Wort  Hypercium perforatum
L
Thyme   Thymus vulgaris L
Witch hazel  Hamamelis virginiana L

Wormwood   Artemisia absinthium L
USING HERBAL REMEDIES


How to make your herbal
tea

Place the herb mixture in a pot, pour
on boiling water and leave to infuse for
10 minutes before straining.  The
quantity of the herb used will depend
on the strength of the infusion
required.  A general guide is to use
1-2 teaspoonfuls of herb to a cupful of
boiling water.

DOSAGE
Herbal remedies are often taken three
times a day.  this will vary in an acute
situation for example flu when you may
wish to take the remedy more
frequently.  Follow the directions on
the packaging unless your practicioner
advises otherwise.

CHILDRENS DOSAGE
Children aged between 7 and 12 years
use half the adult dose.  for children 6
years and below consult a specialist
practioner.  

PREGNANCY.
Avoid herbal remedies during
pregnancy except with a professional
practioners recommendation.

SAFETY
these notes are not a substitute for
professional health and wellbeing
advice.  If you are ill go to a doctor.  
Drugs will interact with herbal remedies
which should be avoided when on
medication.
A 200 acre ecopark for Lothian Herbs (Edinburgh) at Tams Loup ML7 5TN,
Junction 5 M18 between Edinburgh and Glasgow.

My quarry Tams Loup is presently being worked for building materials by
Hanson and is to be restored to an ecopark and new home for Lothian
Herbs.  Below is little photo tribute to those who work in the quarry industry
to bring us our building materials.  Be careful lads.
LOTHIAN HERBS EDINBURGH                 WORLDWIDE EXPERTS IN AROMATHERAPY SINCE 1974     SHIRLEY PRICE INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF AROMATHERAPY
From 30 April 2011, manufactured
herbal medicines placed on the UK
market are required to have either a
traditional herbal registration or a
product licence/marketing
authorisation.

Licensed herbal medicines are
required to demonstrate safety,
quality and efficacy and be
accompanied by the necessary
information for safe usage.
Registered traditional herbal
medicines are required to meet
specific standards of safety and
quality and be accompanied by
agreed indications, based on
traditional usage, along with
systematic patient information
allowing the safe use of the product.

While this new regime takes shape in
practice Lothian Herbs will not be
marketing herbs or herbal mixes in
2011 in the EU.

Our list of conventional and organic
essential oils and plant oils remains
available for purchase.
Depression

Depression is a mood
disorder in which
feelings of loss,
anger, sadness, or
frustration interfere
with everyday life.
Although everyone
feels sad sometimes,
depression is
persistent and
disrupts your daily
life. Depression is
one of the most
common illnesses. It
can be mild,
moderate, or severe
and occur as a single
episode, recurring
episodes, or chronic
depression (lasting
more than 2 years).
Many experts
consider depression
to be a chronic illness
that requires
long-term treatment.

Preventive Care:

Although there is no guarantee you
can prevent depression, the following
steps may help prevent depression or
decrease the chances of relapse:

* Getting adequate sleep and regular
exercise, and eating a balanced,
healthy diet may help prevent
depression and reduce symptoms.
* Mind-body techniques, such as
biofeedback, meditation, and tai chi,
may help prevent or reduce
symptoms associated with depression.
* Psychotherapy directed at coping
skills may help prevent relapse.
* Family therapy may prevent children
or teens of depressed parents from
becoming depressed later in life.
* Adhering to your prescribed
treatment decreases the chance of
relapse.

Massage and Physical Therapy

Studies of formerly depressed teen
mothers, children hospitalized for
depression, and women with eating
disorders suggest that massage can
help decrease stress, anxiety, and
symptoms of depression. Giving
massage may also be help people
who are depressed. Elderly
volunteers with depression showed
improvement in their symptoms when
they massaged infants.

Aromatherapy, or using essential oils
in massage therapy, may also be a
supplemental treatment for
depression. The benefits of
aromatherapy appear to be related to
treatment's relaxing effect, as well as
the person's belief that it will help.
Essential oils used during massage
for depression include:

* Lavender (Lavandula officinalis)
* Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
* Orange (Citrus aurantium)
* Sandalwood (Santalum album)
* Lemon (Citrus limonis)
* Jasmine (Jasminum spp.)
* Sage (Salvia officinalis)
* Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile)
* Peppermint (Mentha piperita)
* Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Nutrition and supplements

A comprehensive treatment plan for
depression may include a range of
complementary and alternative
therapies. Preliminary studies
suggest some nutritional supplements
may reduce the symptoms of some
depression. It's important to talk to
your team of health care providers
about the best ways to incorporate
these therapies into your overall
treatment plan. Don't try to treat
moderate or severe depression on
your own. Always tell your health care
provider about the herbs and
supplements you are using or
considering using.

These supplements may help reduce
symptoms:

* SAMe (s-adenosyl-L-methionine),
1,600 mg daily, is a substance that is
made in the body that may raise
levels of the brain chemical
dopamine. It has been studied for
depression, but results are mixed and
not all of the studies have been of
good quality. However, some of the
studies suggest SAMe can help
relieve mild-to-moderate depression
and may work faster than prescription
antidepressants. If you are taking
other medications for depression,
speak to your doctor before taking
SAMe.
* 5-HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan), 100
mg three times per day, may help
raise serotonin levels in the brain.
5-HTP is a precursor to serotonin,
and some early studies suggest it
may work similarly to antidepressant
drugs. Although rare, contaminants in
5-HTP, caused by poor
manufacturing methods, have been
associated with a potentially fatal
condition called eosinophilia-myalgia
syndrome. Combining 5-HTP with
other antidepressants can cause
serotonin levels in the brain to rise to
dangerous levels, a condition called
serotonin syndrome. As a result, you
should not take 5-HTP without the
supervision of your doctor.
* Omega-3 fatty acids, such as those
found in fish oil, 3 - 9 g per day, may
help relieve symptoms of depression,
but evidence is mixed. Some studies
suggest that fish oil, when taken with
prescription antidepressants, works
better than antidepressants alone.
However, a meta-analysis (a
statistical review of a number of
studies) failed to find any benefit.
Fish oil taken in high doses may
increase the risk of bleeding, so do
not take it if you also take
anticoagulants (blood-thinners), such
as warfarin (Coumadin).
* Vitamin B6, for women with
premenstrual dysphoric disorder. A
few studies suggest that vitamin B6
may help relieve depressive
symptoms associated with
premenstrual syndrome, although the
evidence is mixed. High doses, which
require a doctor's supervision, we
reused in the studies. Some other
studies suggest that B6 may also help
with other types of depression, but
there is not enough evidence to say
for sure.

Herbs

Herbs are generally a safe way to
strengthen and tone the body's
systems. As with any therapy, you
should work with your health care
provider to get your problem
diagnosed before starting any
treatment. You may use herbs as
dried extracts (capsules, powders,
teas), glycerites (glycerine extracts),
or tinctures (alcohol extracts). Unless
otherwise indicated, you should make
teas with 1 tsp. herb per cup of hot
water. Steep covered 5 - 10 minutes
for leaf or flowers, and 10 - 20
minutes for roots. Drink 2 - 4 cups per
day. You may use tinctures alone or
in combination as noted.

* St. John's wort (Hypericum
perforatum) standardized extract, 300
mg two to three times per day, for
mild-to-moderate depression. St.
John's wort has been studied
extensively for depression, with most
studies showing it works as well as
antidepressant drugs for
mild-to-moderate depression. It has
fewer side effects than most
antidepressants. It may take 4 -6
weeks when taking St. John's wort
before any improvement is noticed.
St. John's wort interacts with a large
number of medications, including birth
control pills, so check with your doctor
if you are taking prescription
medications. Do not use St. John's
wort to treat severe depression.
* Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
standardized extract, 40 - 80 mg
three times daily, for depression. A
few studies examining gingko for
treating memory problems in older
adults seemed to show that it also
improved symptoms of depression.
One laboratory study found that
gingko, when given to older rats,
increased the number of
serotonin-binding sites in their brains.
It had no effect on younger rats, so
researchers speculated that it might
relieve depression in older adults by
helping their brains respond better to
serotonin. However, much more
research is needed to say for sure.

Finding a nutritional therapist

Phytotherapy is the most ancient of
ways in which nature is given a helping
hand.

Let me explain what I mean from my
personal experience.  Nothing can take
away from the skill of the surgeon who
set the bones and restored a nasty
compund fracture of my right arm.
I have full movement despite the
accident I suffered in a polo match.

It was nature though which healed my
body.  After six months there was little
knitting together of the bones.  
Reading of a folk remedy that carrot
juice was good for knitting together of
the bones I started to take carrot juice
for breakfast and in the evening.  Its an
acquired taste but I persisted mixing it
with orange juice to make it more
palatable.  Within a month the tell tale
clicking in my right arm of the bones
had ceased and an xray showed more
than satisfactory progress.